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Introduction  

This article will help you to create reports using Crystal Reports. Here I am giving step by step idea to create reports in an easy way. Here I have covered Crystal reports features such as Grouping, Graph, Cross-Tap, Sub report, etc.

I am going to explain the below 5 features.  

  1. Simple Crystal Report 
  2. Group in Crystal Report 
  3. Graph in Crystal Report 
  4. Cross-Tab in Crystal Report  
  5. Sub report in Crystal Report 

Using the code   

 

 

Let’s start by creating a new ASP.Net Web Site. Figure 1 shows the initial web site creation screen. 

fig1.PNGFigure1  

By clicking OK button you can see the project created in solution explorer.  Now let’s start with Crystal Report.

Before that, I am going to show my table structure and data’s in table. So this will help you to understand the steps easily. Figure 2 will show the table structure and Figure 3 will show the data’s in table. 

fig2.PNG

Figure 2

fig3.PNG

Figure 3

But in attached project I am getting data’s from xml file. I have saved all the data’s from table to xml. So you can easily use the attached project. Next Dataset (xsd file) creation.

There are so many ways to pass the data to Crystal Report. Here I am using Dataset (xsd file) to bind Crystal Report. In my point of view, this is the best way to bind. So, next step is Dataset (xsd file) Creation.

Go to Solution Explorer -> Right click on the Project -> Add New Item. Figure 4 Shows the Dataset creation.

fig4.PNGFigure 4 

Once you click of Add button, it will ask one confirmation message. Just click yes. Now you can see the dsTestCrystal.xsd dataset file opened in visual studio. Here you need to create one Data Table with the all columns names need to shown in Crystal Report. To Create Data Table see the below Figure 5.

fig5.PNG

Figure 5

Now you can see Data Table created in the Dataset. Next we need to add the columns names need to shown in Crystal Report. Please note that, this Data Table column names and data types should be same as your table in database.  If you are getting any data type property mismatching error just think that this is the problem. To Create Column names see the below Figure 6.

   fig6.PNG

Figure 6 

Add the all columns one by one and set the correct data type. Here by default data type is string. If any columns having different data type we need to change manually. In this project I am using ‘Marks’ column data type as int. So to change the data type see the below Figure 7.

fig7.PNG

Figure 7

Dataset (dsTestCrystal.xsd) creation has been done. Now we need to design Crystal Report.

  

1.    Simple Crystal Report 

Go to Solution Explorer -> Right click on the Project -> Add New Item. Figure 8 Shows the Dataset creation.

fig8.PNG

Figure 8

On click of Add button you will get Crystal Report Gallery window. In that select Using the Report Wizard check box and Click OK button. Now you will get the below Figure 9.

fig9.PNG

Figure 9

Now expand the ADO.NET Datasets folder. There you can see the Dataset (dsTestCrystal) we created. Under dsTestCrystal you can see the Data Table we created. So select this Data Table and click the arrow button to move to the Selected Tables list box as shown in below Figure 10.

fig90.PNG

Figure 10

Just click the Finish button. Now you can see the Crystal Report opened in Visual studio. In your left side you can see Field Explorer. In you cannot see there just go to menu Crystal Reports -> Field Explorer. Field Explorer View is shown in below Figure 11.

fig91.PNG

Figure 11

Now you can drag and drop the columns from Field Explorer to Details Section in Crystal Report. You can see the final view of the Crystal Report in the next Figure 12.

fig92.PNG

Figure 12 

Crystal Report design also done. Now we need to pass the data’s to the Dataset (dsTestCrystal) and we need to set this Dataset to Crystal Report.

Now just create one aspx page. Add the below code in .aspx page.

Collapse | Copy Code
<CR:CrystalReportViewer ID="CrystalReportViewer1" runat="server"
DisplayGroupTree="False"  />   

Then write the below code in .aspx.vb page to generate Crystal report. 

Collapse | Copy Code
Dim rptDoc As New ReportDocument
Dim ds As New dsTestCrystal
Dim sqlCon As SqlConnection
Dim dt As New DataTable
dt.TableName = "Crystal Report Example"
sqlCon = New SqlConnection("server='servername';Initial Catalog='databasename';user id='userid';password='password'")
Dim da As New SqlDataAdapter("select Stud_Name, Class, Subject, Marks from stud_details", sqlCon)
da.Fill(dt)
ds.Tables(0).Merge(dt)
rptDoc.Load(Server.MapPath("SimpleCrystal.rpt"))
rptDoc.SetDataSource(ds)
CrystalReportViewer1.ReportSource = rptDoc 

 

 

Now run your page and the datas generated in Crystal Report 

 

 

2.    Crystal Report using grouping 

Here I am going to explain only the Crystal Report design. Remaining things you can refer from previous one. 

I am going to use the Group like Class -> Name -> Subect & Marks. Here Class and Name is Group. Subject and Marks will come in detail section. To create Group see the below Figure 13 & 14. 

fig93.PNGFigure 13 

fig94.PNG

Figure 14  

Class is the main group. So first we need to move Class field to Group By list box by clicking the arrow button. Then we need to move the Stud_Name field. See the below Figre 15.

  fig95.PNG

Figure 15 

Now click OK button and see the difference in Crystal Report. There you can see two Header & Footer added and two fields Group #1 Name, Group #2 Name. Group #1 Name is Class and Group #2 Name is Stud_name. See the below Figre 16. 

fig96.PNG

Figure 16  

Now you can drag and drop the columns from Field Explorer to Details Section in Crystal Report. You can see the final view of the Crystal Report in the next Figure 17. 

fig97.PNG

Figure 17 

Now I am going to add sum of marks for the student. In Stud_Name GroupFooterSection we need to add this sum. See the below Figure 18. 

fig98.PNG

Figure 18 

On click of Summary you will get the below Figure 19. 

fig99.PNG

Figure 19 

We need the sum of Marks column. So select Marks field from first combo box. Then select Sum from the second combo box. Finally we need sum of marks for each student. So we need to select Stud_Name group from third combo box. Then click OK button. Now you can see the sum field added in Stus_Name footer section. See the Final view of Crystal Report in the below Figure 20. 

fig100.PNG

Figure 20

 

3.    Chart in Crystal Report  

Here also I am going to explain only the Chart design. Remaining steps same as first one. 

I am going to show the students total marks in student wise. X-axis is Student names and Y-axis is Total Marks. Lets start the creation of chart. See the below Figure 21. 

fig101.PNG

Figure 21 

Once you click the Chart you will get the below Figure 22. Here you can see number of chart formats. So yo can select any one from here. I am selecting Bar from the options. 

fig102.PNG

Figure 22 

Now move to the second tab which is Data. See the below Figure 23. 

fig103.PNGFigure 23  

As I said in the earlier, Stud_Name we are using in X-axis. So we need to move Stud_Name to first (On change of) list box. Then move Marks to the second list box (Show value(s)). By default, Sum will display there. If you want to change Sum to some other you can change by clicking the Set Summary Operation button. Then click Ok button. You can see the chart created in Report Header section. See the Final view of Crystal Report in the below Figure 24. 

fig104.PNG

Figure 24 

Now Run the web site and see the chart. That’s all. It’s done. 

 

4.    Cross-Tab in Crystal Report 

Here also I am going to explain only the report design. Remaining steps same as first one. 

First you need to know the reason why we need to use Cross-Tab. If you want to display the subject in column wise we need to use cross-Tab. Because subject can vary for different class. So we can not design report with fixed columns. So in this scenario, we can go for Cross-Tab. See the Cross-Tab report creation in below Figure 25. 

Note: We can place Cross-Tab only in Report Header/Footer. 

fig105.PNGFigure 25 

Once you click the Cross-tab you can see the rectange mouse pointer. So you need to place that only in Report Header/Footer. Once you place that you will get the below Figure 26. 

fig106.PNGFigure 26 

As I said in the earlier, we are going to put subject in column wise. So move Subject field to Columns listbox. Then Before showing the marks of each subject we need to show the Student name. So Move Stud_Name to Rows listbox. Finally move Marks to Summarized Fields listbox. Then click Ok button. You can see the report created in Report Header/Footer section. See the Final view of Cross-Tab Report in the below Figure 27. 

fig107.PNGFigure 27 

Now Run the web site and see the report. That’s all. It’s done. 

 

5.    Sub report in Crystal Report 

Here also I am going to explain only the report design. Remaining steps same as first one. 

Here I am going to show the each students marks in graph by using sub report. So, to use sub report first I am going to create student group header. See the below Figure 28. 

fig108.PNGFigure 28

Then in group header section we need to create sub report. To do this follow the below Figure 29. 

fig109.PNG

Figure 29 

Then place the mouse in the group header section. Once you place the mouse cursor you will get one popup window. See the below Figure 30. 

fig110.PNG

Figure 30 

Here check the third check box to create new sub report. Then type the sub report name. Then click the Report Wizard button to select data set. Select the dataset like the below Figure 31. 

fig90.PNG

Figure 31  

Then click the Finish button and click OK button in sub report window. Now follow the below Figure 32 to edit the sub report. 

fig111.PNG

Figure 32  

Now you will get the below Figure 33. Here you can create Graph by using 3rd section (Graph Creation). Here use Subject as X-axis and Marks as Y-axis. See the below Figure 33. 

fig112.PNG

Figure 33 

Now Run the web site and see the report. That’s all. It’s done. 

I hope that this article will help you. 

Download CrystalReport - 55.08 KB 

 

 

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

About the Author

Toniyo Jackson

Software Developer
Iqura Technologies
India India

Member

  
نویسنده : ali gooliof ; ساعت ۱٢:۳٢ ‎ب.ظ روز ۱۳۸٩/۱٢/٢